Texas Hold'em ( Rules )

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Texas Hold'em ( Rules )

No Limit Texas Hold'em, like other forms of poker, begins with sitting at the table. The number of players in a game can vary from two to ten and you can choose any available space. In poker, the action in the game moves clockwise. To avoid confusion uses a special marker called the "Button" or the "Dealer" - is used to mark the nominal position in online poker and in casinos, it is used to determine for the subsequent positions of players at the table and at the end of each hand, it is moved clockwise to the next player.


Game Play


All hands in poker begin with the mandatory blinds. Before the cards are dealt, the two players that are to the left of the button are obliged to pay the small and big blinds. The small blind is half the big one. These blinds are necessary so that participants have something to fight for. When it comes to stack size, the size of the blinds is set in line with the table stakes. Traditionally, the table limit is denoted as 100 big blinds, i.e. at an NL10 ($10 No Limit) table, the blinds are 5c and 10c. Thanks to the mandatory blinds, there is always money in the pot. Then each player is dealt two cards face down, and at that point the game begins. 


Then each player is dealt two cards face down, and at that point the game begins. In Hold'em, as in most other forms of poker, the player can choose from several different actions:

CHECK - if there has been no previous bet in the current round, the player can check. In this case, the action passes to the next active player on the left. A check does not mean giving up the fight for the pot, it only means declining to bet in the current round.

FOLD - refusal to continue the struggle for the pot in response to a bet or raise by an opponent. In this case, the player's cards are out of the game. The player who folds, can no longer betor participate in the current hand.

BET - if the player has not yet acted in the current round, they can choose to bet. By doing so, they set the price to remain in the game. The players acting behind them, players can throw away their cards (fold), matchthe bet (call) or increase it (raise). The minimum bet in the game is the big blind.

CALL - if there has been a previous bet in the current round, the player can accept it by making a call on the pot, and adding chips equal to the last bet or raise by a player.

RAISE - If the play of the current round has included a bet, the player can respond by making a raise. To do this he has to make a bid that exceeds the last player's bet. To qualify for the pot, all players have to accept or raise (make a re-raise) the raise. Otherwise, they can only muck their cards (that is fold). In No-Limit Hold'em, the size and number of raises in no way limited.

Playing Rounds (Streets)

 
All of these actions are taken by Hold'em players in each of the four rounds of betting, or, as they are known, the four "streets":

  • Preflop
  • Flop
  • Turn
  • River

In each round, the betting continues until it reaches the person sitting to the right of the last player to bet or raise. When the action comes back to him, either the next round begins or hand ends if all players have elected to fold. 

Preflop

Once the players have received their cards, each of them can give up the fight, check, continue the game by calling the big blind or male a raise to the amount of at least two big blinds. The player to the left of the big blind is first to speak. Then the action moves to the next player in a clockwise direction. If there has been no preflop raise, the big blind acts last . If a player makes a raise , then the game continue as described above, until all players have acted.

At the end of every betting round, the bets made by the players are collected into a single pot, the fight for which will continue on the next street.

Flop

This round of betting starts at the end of the pre-flop round. Three community cards are laid out on the table.  This is called the flop. These cards can be used to make a hand , but they can not be taken into your hand, nor can you change your cards for the ones on the flop - they are available to all players who continue to fight for the hand.

Betting on the flop begins with the first active player clockwise from the button. On the flop (as opposed to pre-flop ) the button acts last. You will be offered the same steps as in the pre-flop, however, if no one bets beforehand, the player can check, passing the action to the next player and not adding to the pot.

Once all players have had their say, all bets are added to the current pot.

Turn

After the close of betting on the flop, a fourth card - the turn, is dealt, which is also used by players to make their hands. There is another round of betting, the same as on flop. It begins with the first active player to the left of the button.

River

After the close of betting on the turn, a fifth and final card - the river, is laid on the table. The round of betting begins again with the first player to the left of the button, and the same rules apply as on the flop and the turn. All the players' bets are added to the pot and the game goes into the final stage. 

Showdown

 

All players who have made or matched all bets on previous streets, take part in the final round of the game - the showdown. It is here that the winner of the pot is determined. All players reveal their hands.

The winner is the best five-card hand which can be made using any or all of the cards available to the player. In other words, to make your hand you can use all the five community cards, or four cards from the table and one card from your hand or three cards from the table and both your hole cards.

Remember: a winning hand consists of five cards

Check out a list of all possible poker hands .

If two players have four cards which make the same hand, the game uses a so-called kicker - it is the highest of the unpaired cards. For example, if the table shows A♦6♣2♦8♠7♠ and the players have A♥K♠ and A♣Q♣, then the winning hand is A♥A♦K♠8♠7♠, which beats a five-card hand from an opponent with a Queen (A♣A♦Q♣8♠7♠).

If the hand and the kickers are identical, then the pot is split equally between the players. An example of this situation is a board with: A♥K♠T♣T♠2♦, when two players show A♠J♣ and A♦9♠ respectively - in this case, they have a hand of two pair aces and tens with the king as a kicker.

There are times when showdown does not happen. This occurs if a player bets or raises on one of the streets, but none of his opponents called him down. In this case, the player who made the last bet, wins the pot, they do not have to show their cards.

If there are still more than two players left in the hand, the one who made the last bet shows first. If there was no bet on the river, the player on the button's left shows first.

After the pot is pushed to the player who won the hand, the next hand starts. The dealer button (the button) moves to the next person in a clockwise direction, the blinds are posted and new cards are dealt face down.

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