Omaha (Rules)

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Omaha (Rules)

Currently, Omaha is the second most popular type of poker, Omaha generates the largest pots and is the most aggressive game, which is not surprising, because every player at the table gets four starting cards, which significantly increases the number of possible strong starting hands. In Omaha, each player  must use exactly five cards to make their hand: three from the table and 2 from the hole. And nothing else.

Variations of Omaha

There are several versions of the game of Omaha, these rules are suitable for any of them:

  • Pot-limit Omaha (PLO) - the player can bet up to the size of the pot (if the pot is $ 10, then he can not put more than $ 10). It is the most popular variant of Omaha.
  • No Limit Omaha - the player can make any bets, including going all in.
  • Fixed-limit Omaha - for each round of betting a specific betting limit is set.

Game Play

All hands in Omaha begin with the mandatory blinds. Before the cards are dealt, the two players to the left of the dealer button must post the small and big blinds . The amount of the small blind is half the big (with a possible exception in fixed limit Omaha ). We need these blinds so that players have something to fight for.

Then, each player is dealt four cards face down , and from that moment the game begins. In Omaha , as in most other types of poker , a player may choose from several different actions:

CHECK - if there has been no previous bet in the current round, the player can check. In this case, the action passes to the next active player on the left. A check does not mean giving up the fight for the pot, it only means declining to bet in the current round.

FOLD - refusal to continue the struggle for the pot in response to a bet or raise by an opponent. In this case, the player's cards are out of the game. The player who folds, can no longer bet or participate in the current hand.

BET - if the player has not yet acted in the current round, they can choose to bet. By doing so, they set the price to remain in the game. The players acting behind them, players can throw away their cards (fold), match the bet (call) or increase it (raise). The minimum bet in the game is the big blind.

CALL - if there has been a previous bet in the current round, the player can accept it by making a call on the pot, and adding chips equal to the last bet or raise by a player.

RAISE - If the play of the current round has included a bet, the player can respond by making a raise. To do this he has to make a bid that exceeds the last player's bet. To qualify for the pot, all players have to accept or raise (make a re-raise) the raise. Otherwise, they can only muck their cards (that is fold). In No-Limit Omaha, the size and number of raises in no way limited.

Playing Rounds (Streets)


All of these actions are taken by Omaha players in each of the four rounds of betting, or, as they are known, the four "streets":

  • Preflop
  • Flop
  • Turn
  • River

In each round, the betting continues until it reaches the person sitting to the right of the last player to bet or raise. When the action comes back to him, either the next round begins or hand ends if all players have elected to fold.



Once the players have received their cards, each of them can give up the fight, check, continue the game by calling the big blind or male a raise to the amount of at least two big blinds. The player to the left of the big blind is first to speak. Then the action moves to the next player in a clockwise direction. If there has been no preflop raise, the big blind acts last . If a player makes a raise , then the game continue as described above, until all players have acted.

At the end of every betting round, the bets made by the players are collected into a single pot, the fight for which will continue on the next street.


This round of betting starts at the end of the pre-flop round. Three community cards are laid out on the table.  This is called the flop. These cards can be used to make a hand , but they can not be taken into your hand, nor can you change your cards for the ones on the flop - they are available to all players who continue to fight for the hand.

Betting on the flop begins with the first active player clockwise from the button. On the flop (as opposed to pre-flop ) the button acts last. You will be offered the same steps as in the pre-flop, however, if no one bets beforehand, the player can check, passing the action to the next player and not adding to the pot.

Once all players have had their say, all bets are added to the current pot.


After the close of betting on the flop, a fourth card - the turn, is dealt, which is also used by players to make their hands. There is another round of betting, the same as on flop. It begins with the first active player to the left of the button.


After the close of betting on the turn, a fifth and final card - the river, is laid on the table. The round of betting begins again with the first player to the left of the button, and the same rules apply as on the flop and the turn. All the players' bets are added to the pot and the game goes into the final stage.


All players who have made or matched all bets on previous streets, take part in the final round of the game - the showdown. It is here that the winner of the pot is determined. All players reveal their hands.

The winner is the best five-card hand that can be made from two hole cards and three community cards. For example, if you're holding Ahearts 9spades Jclubs 2diamonds, and the board is Aspades Khearts 7clubs 2hearts 9spades, then your hand will be Ahearts Aspades 9spades 9diamonds Khearts.

Remember: a winning combination in Omaha must be made of 5 cards – three from the table and three from the hole! 

Check out a list of all possible poker hands .

There are times when showdown does not happen. This occurs if a player bets or raises on one of the streets, but none of his opponents called him down. In this case, the player who made the last bet, wins the pot, they do not have to show their cards.

If there are still more than two players left in the hand, the one who made the last bet shows first. If there was no bet on the river, the player on the button's left shows first.

Finally it is worth mentioning one more version of Omaha.

Omaha Hi-Lo (Omaha Hi / Lo)

In addition to regular Omaha, there is also variation called Omaha Hi-Lo, it is also known as Omaha/8. In this game, the pot is split between the highest and lowest hands.

If you decide to delve into the study of Omaha, I recommend watching some instructional videos. Pokeroff offers instructional videos on how to play Omaha, both paid for and free, so you're sure to find materials that will improve your game.

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